What is the Best Finish for a Dining Table?

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When it comes to picking the best finish for a dining table, there are a few things to keep in mind. The finish you choose should be based on the type of wood the table is made from and your preference. 

To help you decide, our woodworkers will share the best options you can find and several tips for application and maintenance in this guide.

Using Stains

There are two main types of stains: water-based and oil-based. Water-based stains are easier to apply and clean up, but they don’t penetrate the wood as deeply as oil-based stains. Oil-based stains give a richer color and more durable finish, but they can be tricky to work with.

dining table

Finish Options

Film-forming finishes, such as paint, lacquer, and polyurethane, form a protective layer on top of the wood. This type of finish is ideal for tables with a lot of wear and tear, such as kitchen tables or high-traffic areas like formal dining rooms. 

Penetrating finishes, such as oil and wax, absorb in the wood grain to create a durable and long-lasting finish. This type of finish is ideal for tables that are not used as often or for more delicate pieces of furniture, such as an antique dining table.

Shellac

Shellac is a natural resin that can be derived from insects or plants. It’s often used as a food coating or in certain cosmetics. When used as a wood finish, shellac produces a hard, durable surface that is resistant to water and alcohol. 

However, shellac is not heat resistant, so it’s not ideal for use on surfaces that come into contact with hot dishes or plates. 

French Polish Shallac Method

French polish is a traditional wood finishing technique that dates back to the 19th century. It is often used on high-quality furniture like dining tables and chairs. The process involves applying thin layers of shellac, a resin secreted by female lac bugs.

French polishing table

Each layer is left to dry before being buffed and polished. This results in a deep, glossy, durable, and beautiful finish. While French polish takes time and effort to complete, it is well worth the effort for those who want the best finish for their dining table.

Paint

Paint is a great way to change your dining table’s look completely. You can use paint to add color, create patterns, or even achieve a distressed look. Paint can also be easily removed if you change the look of your table later.

Lacquer

Lacquer is a type of resin that dries quickly and produces a hard, durable surface. Lacquer is available in both water-based and solvent-based formulas. Water-based lacquer is less toxic and easier to clean up than solvent-based lacquer, but it doesn’t provide as tough of a finish. 

A lacquer finish can give wood a beautiful, deep shine. It is also one of the most durable finishes available, making it a good choice for high-traffic areas such as dining tables. Lacquer is also heat resistant, making it a good option for use on dining tables.  

How To Use Lacquer

Applying lacquer is a multi-step process, but the results are worth the effort. 

spraying lacquer to dining table

The first step is to sand the wood thoroughly. This will create a smooth surface for the lacquer to adhere to. Next, apply a coat of primer and allow it to dry completely. Once the primer is dry, you can begin applying the lacquer itself.

For best results, apply several thin coats rather than one thick coat. Allow each coat to dry completely before applying the next.

Finally, buff the surface with a soft cloth to bring out the shine. With a little time and patience, you can achieve a beautiful lacquer finish that will last for years to come.

Polyurethane

Polyurethane is another type of resin that dries quickly and produces a hard, durable surface. Polyurethane is available in both water-based and solvent-based formulas.

applying polyurethane to table

Like lacquer, water-based polyurethane is less toxic and easier to clean up than solvent-based polyurethane, but it doesn’t provide as tough of a finish. Polyurethane is also heat resistant, making it a good option for use on dining tables. 

Oils

Oils are popular for unfinished wood furniture because they penetrate deep into the grain and provide long-lasting protection against moisture damage. Oils can be applied in thin coats and don’t require special equipment or ventilation like other finishes. 

Wax

Wax is another popular choice for unfinished wood furniture because it’s easy to apply and provides long-lasting protection against moisture damage. Wax can be applied in thin coats with a soft cloth and doesn’t require special equipment or ventilation like some other finishes [1]. 

How To Refinish a Wooden Dining Table

A wood dining table can last for many years with the right care. Eventually, your wood dining table will need to be refinished to bring back its original beauty. This process is not as difficult as it may seem, and it is a great way to save money instead of buying a new dining table.

circular dining table

Follow these simple steps to refinish your wooden dining table. 

Necessary Materials

Before you begin to refinish your wood dining table, you will need to gather the necessary materials. You will need sandpaper in various grits, a tack cloth, a wood stain, a foam brush, and a polyurethane topcoat.

Once you have gathered all of the materials, you are ready to begin refinishing your wood dining table.

Step #1: Prepare the Wood

Preparing the wood is the first step in refinishing your wood dining table. Start by removing all of the items from the surface of the table. Next, use medium-grit sandpaper to remove any stains or defects on the surface of the wood.

cleaning wooden surface

Once you have sanded the table’s surface, use a tack cloth to remove any dust from the surface. 

Step #2: Apply the Stain on the Wood

After you have prepared the surface of the wood, it is time to apply the stain. Before you begin staining the wood, read the manufacturer’s instructions so that you are familiar with how long you need to let the stain sit on the surface of the wood before wiping it off.

Once you have applied the stain, use a clean cloth to wipe off the excess. 

Step #3: Brush the Finish on the Wood

Once you have applied stain to the surface of your wood dining table, it is time to apply a finish. A clear finish will help protect your table from spills and stains. Start by stirring your polyurethane topcoat so that it is evenly mixed.

brushing finish on the wood

Next, use a foam brush to apply an even coat of polyurethane over the entire surface ofthe table. Allow the finish to dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions before using the table again.

Common Supplies Needed for Dining Table Refinishing

Refinishing a dining table is a great way to give an old piece of furniture new life. It’s also a relatively easy project that most people can do with just a few basic supplies. Here’s what you’ll need to get started.

Estimated Cost For a Dining Table Finishing Project

The estimated cost for a dining table finishing project will vary depending on the type of wood you choose, the size of the table, and the level of finish you desire. Generally, you can expect to spend between $50 and $200 for a complete dining table finishing project.

wooden dining table

Some important things to keep in mind when choosing a finish for your dining table include choosing a finish that is compatible with the wood type, making sure the finish is food safe, and selecting a finish that will be durable enough to withstand everyday use.

FAQ

What is the best finish for an oak dining table?

The best finish for an oak dining table is a clear coat of polyurethane. Polyurethane will protect the table from moisture and spills, and it will also help to keep the wood looking shiny and new. 

Make sure to apply at least two coats of polyurethane for the best results.

What is the best finish for a timber dining table top?

The best finish for a timber dining table top is a natural type that will leave the timber in its natural state. Awax or oil finish will protect the timber and give it a sheen. If you’re looking for a more durable finish, you could also choose to paint or lacquer the tabletop.

What is the strongest dining table finish?

The strongest dining table finish is a resin-based finish. A resin-based finish is durable and can protect your table from scratches, water damage, and other wear and tear.

Conclusion

There are a few things to consider when choosing the best finish for your dining table. The most important factor is the type of wood your table is made out of. Whichever route you choose, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully in order to apply the finish correctly.

Robert Johnson is a woodworker who takes joy in sharing his passion for creating to the rest of the world. His brainchild, Sawinery, allowed him to do so as well as connect with other craftsmen. He has since built an enviable workshop for himself and an equally impressive online accomplishment: an extensive resource site serving old timers and novices alike.
Robert Johnson

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