A planer is an essential tool for anyone working with wood, whether you are a professional woodworker or a DIY enthusiast. However, if you don’t know how to use a planer, you can damage the wood, injure yourself, or damage the tool itself.
That’s why our wood experts have summed up everything you need to know about using a planer to help you start woodworking.
Tools and Materials
Step #1: Get the Planer Ready
You’ll need to do some preliminary preparation before firing up the planer.
Remove any obstructions from the blade region as a first step. It is essential to clear this area of any sawdust or wood chips before beginning work on a new board.
The planer blade should be roughly the same height as the initial board you intend to plane.
After you’ve set up your planer, inspect each board. Ensure the machine has been checked for potential dangers, such as nails, screws, or other debris.
Step #2: Run it on the Flat Side
The planer must be used on each board in its length. To begin, pass the planer over every board’s vast surface.
Make minor, steady adjustments to the planer’s settings instead of making drastic cuts simultaneously.
Our professionals prefer to plane multiple boards simultaneously if they must be machined to the same thickness rather than individually.
Use the planer set at a uniform height and pass every board through it. The panels should be rerun through the planer with reduced depth to remove even more wood.
So long as you keep doing this, you can get the boards to the thickness you want. And for the finest and flattest finish, plane each board on both sides.
Step #3: Polish the Edges
After you finish with the flat surface of each board in your planer, you may trim the edges.
Now, you’ll lay each board face down on the planer and run it through to flatten and smooth the narrow edge.
It is best to feed multiple boards at once through a planer if you require them to all finish up the same size. You can feed up to five boards through an edge planer without damaging the machine.
Plane the edges of each board on both sides to ensure a perfect final product.
How to Use a Hand Planer
Hand planers are another popular option. This is merely a portable, miniature form of the original device.
The work of a hand planer is similar to that of a benchtop planer but on a much more compact size. In fact, there are different types of wood planers to choose from, depending on your project.
The caveat is that they are less useful for milling wood to uniform thickness and width than for flattening and smoothing the pieces.
Cutting a whole board to the same thickness as a tabletop planer is far more complex with handheld tools since they require manual pressure from the user.
Yet, they are still an efficient power tool for various purposes, such as when you must smooth a board that has already been fastened or fitted.
Safety Tips and Tricks
When to Resharpen or Replace Blades
The iron (blade) of the plane should be highly sharp before usage. This is true even for a brand new planer.
Put a 220-grit dry or wet sandpaper sheet on the workbench to sharpen the blade. Keep the blade’s bevel flush against the sandpaper by holding it at a 25- or 30-degree angle.
With the blade still at this angle, you should rub the sandpaper in a circular motion while downward pressure is applied.
A blade is ready for use when a burr appears along its spine . You may remove the burr by running the blade’s flat side across sandpaper.
The frequency at which blades need sharpening is often determined by the quantity of material removed during the sharpening process.
If a blade is in good condition and you simply restore its sharpness, you only need to eliminate 0.015″ of material.
Buying vs. Renting a Planer
Purchasing tools can be expensive, and many of us find our finances stretched thinner than we’d like. You may have put off upgrading your arsenal with new tools or fixing the ones you already have that could perform better.
On the other hand, that doesn’t imply you have to settle for less-than-optimal resources for your next project. Choose a rental yard, and help will be at your doorstep. Do you need a planer? Instead of buying, why not try renting?
When you know when to rent a tool instead of buying one, you can save spending a lot of money and time. In addition, you should focus on more than just initial expenses.
If you’re going to use the planer once, there might be better options than buying it. It costs more money to buy a tool and then spend time and energy storing it and keeping it in good working order.
Sometimes, the price of a planer needs to be decreased to justify its usefulness, even if you only use it a few times per year.
When you rent a planer, you only have to worry about the cost of replacement parts and any repairs that may be necessary. However, if you need to use it frequently, investing in one can save you a lot of money in the long run.
What should you not do with a planer?
You should not run screws, nails, and other metal through a planer. Wait to clean the area until the planer has wholly stopped and locked. You shouldn’t stare inside the workings of the planer. Stay in the way of stock as it passes through a planer.
Anyone, even a beginner, can learn how to use a planer quickly and effectively. Becoming comfortable just requires some time spent understanding the fundamentals.
When planing, always ensure your hands are safely out of the way of any moving blades, and always secure the board by clamping it.
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