Not using waterproof wood in your bathroom can lead to mold and mildew growth. It can also cause warping wood on your bathroom floors and walls. Consequently, it will compromise the structural integrity and pose potential health hazards for you and your family.
To avoid this costly and risky mishap, here’s our woodworkers’ guide so you can learn how to waterproof wood for your bathroom.
How Does Wood Waterproofing Work?
This is a process of treating wood to make it resistant to water damage and decay. Wood is a porous material that absorbs moisture, leading to swelling, warping, and rotting. Waterproofing the wood prevents these problems by creating a barrier that repels water.
It works by creating a barrier that repels water and prevents it from penetrating the surface of the wood. It also helps to protect the wood from damage, decay and rotting caused by moisture.
Benefits of Waterproofing Wood in the Bathroom
Prevents Floor Damages
Exposure to moisture and water poses a risk to wood flooring, as the wood can absorb the moisture and become distorted or warped. If the flooring dries and shrinks to its original size, it may crack or become misshapen.
Ease of Cleaning and Maintaining
Maintaining and keeping clean is simpler since they do not absorb liquids. Additionally, wooden floors that have been treated as weathered wood also repel various wood stains.
Wooden flooring is known for its durability, with some types, like hardwood floors, capable of lasting a lifetime. Additionally, applying weatherproofing measures can significantly extend the floor’s lifespan, allowing for long-term use with minimal upkeep required.
Wooden floors, much like concrete floors, can be revitalized with a fresh coat of paint or stain, which can be easily accomplished on your own. This is a great way to give your floors a new lease of life.
Wooden floors can add elegance and warmth to any space. Additionally, wooden floors can create an illusion of a larger space, which can be particularly important in small bathrooms.
Types of Waterproofing for Wood
Water-Based or Oil-Based?
Water-based options are not as long-lasting as oil-based options. They require less wood preparation and can even be applied to damp surfaces.
While oil-based solutions have a longer lifespan and can penetrate the wood more deeply, it is not possible to apply them in moist conditions.
Tinted or Clear?
Tinted waterproofing options offer both general and UV protection. As a result, they need to be reapplied or recoated every three years.
On the other hand, transparent or clear solutions are designed to maintain the natural wood grain pattern while preventing fading. We recommend reapplying these solutions every two years.
Suggested Reading: How to Fix Water Damaged Swollen Wood Furniture
Before Waterproofing: Preparations + Materials You’ll Need
Before you start to waterproof wood for your bathroom, it is essential to take the necessary safety precautions and prepare the area adequately. Wear appropriate protective gear to avoid contact with the waterproofing solution and fumes.
Work in a well-ventilated area to prevent inhaling toxic fumes. Keep children and pets away from the area during the preparation and application process. Prepare the surface, clean it thoroughly, and repair any cracks or damage.
Materials needed for the project include a waterproofing solution (oil-based poly or water-based, depending on your preference), a paintbrush or sprayer for application, sandpaper, plastic sheeting to protect the surrounding area, tape, and rags for cleaning up spills or drips.
Method #1: Using Oil for Waterproofing Wood
Step #1: Put on the First Coat
To avoid damaging the wood surface in making wood waterproof, we advised not to apply oils onto it directly. Rather, the oil should be poured on the rug’s surface, and then the oiled part should be used to rub the wood, starting from the inside and moving toward the outside.
Step #2: Leave it to Dry
We recommend allowing approximately 30 minutes for the oil to penetrate the wood fully. After this, remove the excess oil. The surface should be left to dry for at least 24 hours.
Step #3: Put Two More Oil Layers
Once the initial coat has dried, we recommend using 0000-grade steel wool or it’s equivalent sandpaper grit to sand the surface before applying two more coats of oil. In addition, we advise waiting 24 hours after the second coat has been applied. After this, spread the third coat.
Step #4: Let it Cure
It is important to allow the surface to fully dry for a minimum of three days, or longer if necessary, until completely dry.
How to Pick the Best Oil for Wood
When picking the best oil to waterproof bathroom wood, consider choosing an oil specifically designed for outdoor use and is waterproof, the type of wood you are using, and its natural water resistance.
Consider also the climate and weather conditions in your area and choose an oil that fits your maintenance schedule.
Things to Remember When Using Oils
Method #2: Wood Waterproofing Using Sealants
Step #1: Prepare Your Sealant
Blend the wood sealers thoroughly by stirring for a minute or until it reaches the desired consistency for application. It’s important to adhere to all guidelines specified by the manufacturer.
Step #2: Put on the First Coat
For applying a wood sealer, our paint experts suggest using a paintbrush and applying it in the direction of the wood grain. Working swiftly is advised to prevent the inhalation of harmful fumes.
Step #3: Dry it
The good news is that the initial layer dries relatively quickly within 4-10 hours, which allows for applying the first coat in the morning. Afterward, apply the second coat later in the evening.
Step #4: Apply the Second Layer
After the initial layer has dried, it is important to use fine-grit sandpaper to clean the entire surface and improve adhesion before applying the subsequent layers. Typically, hardwoods require only one or two coats, while softwoods necessitate at least two.
Step #5: Let it Cure
To determine if the wooden bathroom floor has fully cured, observe if water runs off the surface and beads up instead of being absorbed into the wood.
Picking the Right Interior Waterproof Wood Sealant
When selecting a varnish for interior pieces such as coffee tables and end tables, a spar varnish is a suitable option to prevent unsightly cup rings. For exterior wood that will be exposed to the elements, opt for a marine varnish that includes UV absorbers.
On lighter woods, lacquer may develop a yellowish hue deemed unappealing. However, lacquer produces a lustrous, warm, and highly scratch-resistant finish on dark-toned woods. To achieve optimal results, apply several light layers of lacquer.
Although this is not a common choice, epoxy resin is highly effective in providing long-term protection for luxury bathroom surfaces.
Important Things to Remember When Using Sealants
Method #3: Waterproofing Wood Using a Stain and Sealer Combo
Step #1: Ready the Stain-Sealant Mix
Measure the amount of varnish needed for the whole project and transfer it into a sizeable container. Gradually add the stain in small amounts and wait for the mixture to transform into a hue that falls between the varnish and the stain.
Step #2: Apply the First Layer
Either a paintbrush or paint roller will be necessary. Dip the tool of choice into the mixture and delicately apply it to the wooden surface toward the grain, striving for even distribution.
Step #3: Let it Dry, and Wipe Excess Stain Off
Once it has become a dried wood surface, use fine-grit sandpaper to sand the rough surfaces, and then wipe it down with a lint-free cloth in preparation for the second coat.
Moreover, the drying time for a stain-sealer ranges from four hours to a whole day, depending on various factors, including weather conditions.
Step #4: Apply the Second (to Third) Layer of Coat
When applying the second coat, adhere to the same principles as when applying the initial coat, taking even more care to avoid spreading the mixture too thinly. Once completed, allow for approximately five hours to one day of drying time before applying the third and final layer.
Step #5: Let it Fully Cure
Following the application of the final coat, it’s crucial to allow the surface to cure for a minimum of three days before using it. Test the surface after 73 hours to ensure it’s fully cured. If water droplets are repelled, then the surface is good to use.
Recommended Stain for Wood Floor Waterproofing
Since bathrooms are exposed to high levels of humidity and water, an exterior-grade wood stain is necessary. Consider also the tone of the wood stain, which ranges from light to dark.
Typically, the lighter wood stain has higher oil content and is more suitable for indoor applications or woods that aren’t exposed to humidity. Darker wood stains, such as teak sealant, are better suited for bathroom floors.
Finally, using pre-mixed stain-sealant products can save you time, effort, and confusion during the mixing process. Alternatively, you can mix the two components yourself using marine varnish.
Why Opt for a Stain-Sealant Combination?
Stain-sealant combinations that provide waterproofing properties are optimal for achieving effective waterproofing while also enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the wood.
They are available in various colors, and the pigments used to create these colors are typically combined with binders such as water, oils, or alkyl-based binders.
These are designed to be absorbed into the wood upon application and do not typically accumulate on the surface, meaning there is no need to wipe away any residue. However, alkyl-based stains may leave behind some residue on the surface.
Tip in Using a Stain and Sealant Combination
Method #4: Waterproofing the Bathroom Wood with Resin & Acetone
Step #1: Prep the Mixture
To waterproof wood for your bathroom using this method, begin by preparing the resin and pouring enough into a container. Next, gradually mix in a few drops of acetone until the consistency feels slightly thicker than water.
If the mixture seems too thin, add more resin until it reaches the desired thickness.
Step #2: Apply the First Layer of Coat
To complete this process, you will require a paintbrush or paint roller. Take either the roller or brush and moisten it with the mixture, then proceed to gently apply it.
Step #3: Dry it
When applying resin-acetone mixtures, it is necessary to wait approximately 30 minutes between each coat.
Step #4: Apply the Second (to Third, Fourth, Etc.) Layer
Generally, it takes approximately five coats to achieve optimal water resistance for wood. Exercise caution when applying subsequent coats to avoid causing damage to the previous layers by applying too much pressure.
Step #5: Let it Cure
Allow the surface to dry completely, which typically takes a minimum of six hours, although we advise leaving it overnight. Before using the wood, test it by splashing a small amount of water. If the wood remains unaffected, then it is ready for use.
Choose the Right Resins for Waterproofing
To begin, it is essential to use polyester resin specifically designed for wood applications. While synthetic resin, dissolved tree resin, and polyurethane resins are also available, the last of the three is the most commonly used option.
Polyester resin can be divided into two categories: laminating resin and finishing resin. Laminating resin is generally applied over sealers. On the other hand, finishing resin can be used without a wood sealer.
Finishing resin contains additional wax, which allows it to harden and create a wear-resistant surface, while it also dries faster than laminating. Laminating resin requires a longer drying time but will result in a softer surface.
Waterproofing Wood For Bathrooms In Different Areas
1. Put a small amount of silicone caulk onto a tool, such as a caulking gun, and spread it evenly along the line where the tub and wall tiles meet.
2. Apply a thin layer of silicone caulk around the drain and any other fixtures with gaps between them and the tiles. Spread it evenly and make sure all gaps are filled.
3. Purchase a high-quality, self-adhesive waterproof membrane from the market. Place the waterproofing membrane underneath the cement backer board before installing the tiles. Make sure to follow the instructions provided in the manual for proper installation.
Countertops and Cabinet Interiors
1. Take a silicone caulking gun and apply a good amount of silicone caulk along the inside edge of countertops and cabinets
2. Use silicone caulk to seal any gaps around faucets, sinks, and other areas where water could enter. Make sure the caulk is applied evenly, and all gaps are filled.
3. Purchase high-quality epoxy compounds that can be easily applied using a brush or an applicator gun, depending on their viscosity. Epoxy compounds are ideal for filling large holes in concrete walls before laying tiles.
4. Allow enough time for the waterproofing compound to dry and cure before laying tiles and grout. Apply the compound well ahead of time, at least two days before laying the tiles and grout.
Walls or Floors around Showers or Bathtubs
1. To prevent water damage, it is necessary to apply first a waterproofing compound to the walls surrounding tubs and shower walls.
2. It can be applied using a brush or roller, based. Unlike other types of sealants, it does not require any priming. However, it is important to wait for at least two days before tiling over the surface.
3. Waterproof paints are suitable for painting wood areas prone to leakage, such as bathrooms and kitchens, as they waterproof the surface and enhance its appearance, simplifying maintenance. Nonetheless, as these paints are thicker than impregnating compounds, it is essential to wait at least three days before tiling over them.
4. Before laying tiles and grout, make sure to prevent any water from seeping through for at least two days.
Recommended Wood Types for Bathroom Walls & Floors
Solid hardwood floors are naturally water-resistant woods due to their natural resins and oils. They can be sanded to restore their finish, making them long-lasting and attractive to buyers as a bathroom floor.
Teak has sturdy properties and does not need frequent varnishing. Teak oil can enhance its appearance and maintain its durability.
Softwoods are unsuitable for bathrooms due to their tendency to absorb water caused by their porous nature and loose grain structure. However, with proper preparation, some softwoods, such as cedar and pine, can still be used for bathroom flooring.
It is highly resistant to twisting, warping, and cracking, making it an excellent choice for modern bathrooms.
Engineered wood flooring comprises 3 or 4 wood layers that are glued together. This allows for sanding and restoring the floorboards to their original finish in case of damage. They are very stable and more resistant to shrinking and swelling compared to solid hardwoods.
The wear layer or protective overlay is highly dependable, with some manufacturers claiming it can last up to 30 years. Using laminate flooring for your bath is an inexpensive option. However, it’s important to remember to protect the base wood from moisture.
To create a distinctive look for your bathroom wood, consider using reclaimed wood panels. This type of flooring is made from timber that has been previously utilized and attached. However, keep in mind that installing reclaimed wood floors can be expensive.
How to Protect Wooden Surfaces from Moisture & Water Inside the Bathroom
Opt for a Water-Resistant Wood
We recommend choosing water-resistant wood for your bathroom flooring and furniture to avoid any potential water damage. Teak is considered the most water-resistant wood, but other options, like cedar and redwood, perform well in damp environments.
Use a Waterproof Finish Consistently
One frequent error people commit is waterproofing their bathroom floor or wall only once and then disregarding it. However, this is a major blunder because even the finest waterproof wood sealant for interiors becomes less effective over time.
Apply Lemon/Vinegar Solution or Oil
This is an effective method to extend the longevity of the water-resistant coating on wood. Despite contradicting common knowledge, this technique helps shield the wood from harm, maintains the wood’s integrity, and provides a pleasant aroma.
Fix Bathroom Issues with Moisture
Repair any damaged pipes and check if your sink is releasing water aggressively. It’s also advisable to consider using a dehumidifier designed for bathrooms to eliminate surplus moisture.
Clean the Floor Regularly
We suggest using a vacuum with a floor brush attachment for weekly or bi-weekly cleaning. For a more profound cleaning, use a diluted wood floor cleaning product and a wooden floor mop during spring or before winter. Afterward, ensure to wipe the surface immediately.
How to Tell if Wood is Waterproof: Does Painting Make it Resistant to Water?
Are Pressure-Treated Woods Waterproof?
Pressure-treated wood is not entirely waterproof. During the pressure treatment process, the wood is infused with chemicals that provide some level of protection against water, decay, and insects.
This treatment process makes the wood more durable and resistant to moisture, but it does not make it completely impervious to water.
What’s the Best Way to Make Plywood Waterproof?
Water-based paint, waterproof varnish, and liquid latex are other solutions worth considering. Among these, liquid latex is particularly convenient as it only requires spraying and doesn’t need much attention afterward. For more details, check this guide on how to waterproof plywood.
Can You Find a Waterproof Paint for Wood?
Yes, there are waterproof paints specifically designed for wood. These paints contain special ingredients that make them more resistant to water and moisture, helping to prevent wood from rotting, warping, or cracking.
Can you make wood 100% waterproof?
It is impossible to make wood 100% waterproof because wood is a natural material that can absorb moisture over time. However, various methods can be used to enhance the water resistance of wood and prolong its lifespan.
How do I protect my wooden bathroom vanity?
To protect your wooden bathroom vanity, apply waterproof paint or clear coating. This protects them from the harmful effects of moisture in the bathroom. It prevents issues such as discoloration, rotting, warping, and swelling.
How can you protect wood from saltwater?
Exposure to saltwater can cause significant damage to wood. To protect it properly to prevent degradation, use a marine-grade sealant, or you can apply a coat of varnish or paint.
Can you use oak wood in your bathroom?
Oak is a hardwood that is naturally resistant to water and moisture, which makes it a good choice for use in a bathroom.
Learning how to waterproof wood for bathrooms is essential to prevent water damage, rot, and mold growth. To achieve this, it’s crucial to select the appropriate waterproofing method.
With the right waterproofing approach, wood floors and walls can provide a beautiful and durable design element in bathrooms for years.
- Echo CS-490 Review (2023) — Horsepower, Chain, and Specs - June 4, 2023
- Eggshell vs Satin Paint — What are the Differences? - June 3, 2023
- What Is The Best Wood For A Garden Shed? - June 2, 2023