There are tools for construction workers that you should be familiar with, whether you’re an apprentice, DIYer, or contractor. Not only should you be familiar with these tools, but you should also know how to use them.
This guide will introduce you to all the basic construction tools and explain how you can use them.
Essential Tools You Need for A Construction Kit
In terms of quantity and type, you may need a different construction kit as an apprentice or professional.
Below are the important tools used in construction sites. These are all that you need:
Hammers are the most well-known tool, and they are used for driving nails into planks of wood to serve as connecting lynchpins.
We classify them into several types, with the most common being the claw hammer. They have a claw-like shape at the back of their head for pulling out nails.
Brick or masonry hammers can split and score bricks. That is why it is the toast of masons and bricklayers. This hammer is popular among homeowners because most of them will work more with a brick than hot steel.
This hammer is very popular. Its primary function is to drive nails into wood. Also, it has a claw at the back of its head that you can use to pull out nails.
This tool is a must-have for every construction worker. If you do not have it, you may need to get it.
This hammer is used to hang the drywall. They shape one end like an ax, with a significant notch near the handle. You can use this notch to secure the hammers without damaging the delicate drywall.
The two common types of screwdrivers are Phillips and flathead. They are used to turn screws into place by ensuring that their heads match the good bits.
Most workers prefer manual screwdrivers to electric screwdrivers because their heads attach to their bodies and do not fall off, thus allowing for more accurate screwing and unscrewing. But for a better and more seamless work experience, you may consider having the best screwdriver set for all applications and installations.
We use manual saws for cutting lumber, and, on very rare occasions, you can use them to cut metals such as aluminum. They design them with blades with a row of wedged teeth that you can use to cut incisions when you raise and lower them.
There are different manual saws, one of which is the crosscut type, which you can use to cut across wood grains.
Set of Wrenches
Wrenches come in many shapes and sizes. We use them to grip, fasten, turn, tighten, and loosen pipes, fittings, nuts, and bolts. They classified wrenches into two types: fixed and adjustable:
Fixed wrenches are common, easy to get, and come in various sizes. They have jaws with parallel tines that fit comfortably on nuts and bolts.
An adjustable wrench differs from a fixed wrench. It has a movable jaw which makes it multipurpose. You can use it for different nuts and bolts instead of a fixed size.
A pair of pliers has a heavy but narrow jaw at the end that can twist and untwist nuts and bolts. Depending on the type, you can use a plier to cut cables, bend metal, strip wires, etc.
Nail pullers work the same way as pullers at the back of a claw hammer. They design this tool specifically for pulling out big nails that are difficult to yank out. This tool is effective and a must-have for every contractor.
A masonry or brick trowel is one of the essential tools found on a construction site. The trowel has a point-nose that you can use to spread mortar on concrete blocks or bricks using the buttering technique. The trowel shape allows for precise placement of the mortar on the brick or concrete.
To execute your project, you must have the essential construction tools. A screed is one of those important tools. It is a thin layer of material that you can place on sharp sand and cement. You can add a coarse aggregate to form a thick layer in industrial settings.
Hoes are hand tools designed with a wooden handle and metal plate to help you excavate the soil. Contractors and workers use a hose to dig tree roots and loosen the soil.
Just like hoes, rakes are also considered vital hand tools. They design them with long wooden or metal handles, with long sharp prongs at the base.
You can use them for packing leaves at the job site. A large version of rakes for mechanized farming is called hay rakes.
Shovels and Spades
Shovels or spades have a wedge or scoop that you can use to dig through soil and dirt. These tools are ideal for clearing trenches and plumbing materials they are good for yard work.
Using their sharp heads, you can use them to clear roots and organic debris.
They design crowbars with long steels you can use to excavate objects during building construction. You can use them to dig up objects such as nails, roots, and the like.
Floats are one of those essential construction tools needed at the construction site. They are wooden tools that you can use to smooth concrete surfaces when plastered.
It features a top handle and a smooth wooden surface at the bottom. To smoothen any surface, all you need to do is move it in a circular motion.
Chisels are wedge tools commonly used in carpentry. They specifically designed these tools for removing wooden services. Additionally, you can use them to remove concrete bumps and excess concrete from hardened surfaces.
Putty knives are specialized tools used for glazing single-glazed windows. Additionally, you can use them to work putty around each glass pane’s edges and for applying filler material. Professional glaziers will apply the putty by hand and use the knife to smoothen it.
Utility knife, as their name implies, is one of the essential and versatile tools you’ll need. You can use this tool to cut duct tape, strings, and the like without tearing through them with your hand.
One amazing thing about this tool is that it is handy and can fit into your pocket.
As their name implies, sanding sponges are sponge-like tools used for sanding. Attached to the bottom of the sponge is an abrasive material. They are effective for plastics and drywalls.
Bolsters are hand shovels that you can use to cut through bricks. They design them with a wider cutting edge, making it easy for you to use them to slice through bricks or break down a building feature.
A rammer, which is also called a “tamper,” is a hand tool used in construction sites for compacting soil.
Workers use this tool to make the soil hard or uniform to achieve excellent groundwork.
This tool is a scoring tool used by tile installers. They use it to cut straight lines in porcelain and ceramic tiles. As small as this tool might seem, it is one of those essential construction materials needed during building construction.
An adjustable spanner is an essential tool that comes with a wrench head. Spinning a control wheel near the head opens or closes it. The adjustability of the wheel around its head makes it possible to use it for any size of a nut. This tool is an amazing tool for construction workers, especially plumbers.
Tie Tensioning Tool
Cable tie tensioning tools are effective for tightening heavy and lightweight cable ties. Aside from this, they effectively cut excess material with their easy-to-use lever.
Power Tools and Equipment
Power tools come in two types: corded and cordless. They design these tools to give you more power using a battery pack, electricity, or generator. With these tools, you can be sure of faster performance.
Corded and Cordless Drills
A hammer drill, which is also known as “percussion drills” or “impact drills,” are designed to help you bore holes into tough surfaces. They do this by using an impact mechanism that creates a hammering motion.
Power drills come in corded and cordless varieties. They use electricity from a battery or generator to drive an electric motor that helps carve holes in materials such as metal or wood. Additionally, you can also use them to screw or unscrew bits from surfaces.
Drill drivers are one of the essential power tools for boring holes. You can power them using batteries, and they have two modes for screw driving and drilling.
The drill driver features a torque selection ring to select how low or high you want the torque to be. This determines the force at which the drill drives the screw.
Read Next: Recommended Impact Driver Bit Sets
A ground or earth auger is a spiral-shaped drilling tool for drilling holes. This tool is also an example of a power tool and is very effective for construction activities.
Rotary hammers are also power tools. They are ideal for heavy-duty construction activities such as chiseling and drilling of hard materials. These hammers feature a piston driven by a crankshaft in a circular motion to drill or bore holes.
This machine-powered tool achieves its cutting action through its blade’s push and pulls motion.
It is a versatile tool that is used by professionals or DIYers. You can use them to cut a large chunk of different materials in little time.
A circular saw is a powerful tool that uses a disc or abrasive blade to cut many materials. Some of these materials include masonry, plastic, and metal.
They design circular saws to be handheld, or you can mount them on machines.
Jigsaws are also power tools. They feature an electric motor that drives a reciprocating saw blade that you can use to cut wood, stenciled designs, metals, and other types of material.
Surface grinders are machine tools with a rotating abrasive wheel to help you smoothen metallic and non-metallic materials.
These are handheld tools designed primarily for polishing and grinding. Aside from this, you can use them for different fabrication projects, such as cutting iron pipe or replacing a faulty valve.
Die grinders are handheld power tools that are specifically for polishing, honing, grinding, sanding, etc. They design this tool for rotating at a speed of 2,500 RPM, which is faster than most cutting tools.
Wall chasers are specialized power tools powered by an electric motor. This tool features an abrasive disc that rotates in a circular path, just as in an angle grinder. You can use them to cut narrow grooves in walls.
Jackhammers are pneumatic tools that feature a hammer and a chisel. You can use them to break hard surfaces such as concrete, rocks, pavement, etc.
These tools are also referred to as “edge grinders.” In the construction process, you can use it to level and grind concrete surfaces to achieve a smooth finish. You can also use them to remove stains, epoxies, and concrete coatings.
Portable Concrete Mixer
As a construction worker, this is an essential tool. This tool features a revolving drum to help you mix construction components such as gravel, cement, and sand to form a concrete mix. Additionally, it has wheels that make it possible for you to move around the site.
Sand Screening Machine
Sand screening machines are another essential on site. They design this tool to help you sieve sand for construction work. It features a vibrating mesh that sieves the sand to achieve a fine grain.
Routers are power tools that feature a rotating blade and a flat base. They design the router with a spindle which you can drive using a pneumatic or electric motor.
This tool is also a must-have for cutting a notch in wood and for people into woodworking projects such as cabinetry.
Nail guns are similar to hammers. They designed them to help you drive nails into wood and other materials using electromagnetism, compressed air, and flammable gases.
These tools have replaced conventional hammers because of their efficiency.
Caulk guns are special tools with a tube or cartridge that you can fill with caulk, a type of sealant. This tool makes it easy to apply this material to areas the hand might not reach. You can use it to seal a crack between a sink and vanity or a window frame.
A plate compactor is a construction tool with a heavy plate at its base that moves up and down rapidly to compress different soil types. They are an ideal tool for achieving a stable sub-surface in construction sites.
An oscillating or multi-tool is a power tool that oscillates and is powered by a battery or electricity. This tool is versatile and can use for construction activities such as scrapping, grinding, and sanding.
Also Read: Top Oscillating Tool Choices
Like the cordless drill, this tool uses a rotational force to drive screws. However, instead of a 13mm chuck, it comes with ¼ inch hex bit to help you grip a small screwdriver. This tool has a high driving force. Hence, they can drive large screws into hard materials.
There are different types of generators, depending on the configuration, size, and output. For construction projects, the best type of generator is the dual-fuel portable generator. These generators are very efficient and will give you the best output power.
Compressors are one of the important tools you will find on construction premises. You can use them as a source of power for electric tools. We categorize them as either dynamic or positive displacement.
Welding tools are also essential construction equipment. You can use them to generate heat at a high temperature to melt metal parts so that you can join these parts together.
A shop vac, which we can call a wet or dry vac, is like a vacuum cleaner. The only notable difference is that this tool allows you to pick objects such as nails or little wood scraps. You can also use them to clean spills.
A measuring tape is an essential tool for D.I.Y. and construction projects to measure the distance and size of different things. They are over 1-foot long, and you can carry them around your waist.
A measuring square or carpenter’s measure is a tool you can use to measure a right angle with utmost accuracy using a carpenter’s pencil or any writing utensil. Some of these tools come with a flat ruler-like tool with little liquid and bubbles. This feature allows you to check whether a surface is a uniform.
A measuring wheel which we can also can a surveyor’s wheel, is a tool that helps you measure distance while working. This tool features a wheel that attaches to a long handle with a grip.
Diameter Tape Measure
A D-tape is a type of tool used for measuring and gauging the diameter of a cylindrical object. This includes pipes or a stem of the tree. A diameter pipe comes in either metric or imperial measurements.
Plumb Bob Level
The Plumb bob level, which we can also call a plummet, is a weight attached to the base of a string. You can use this tool to find a vertical reference, usually referred to as a plumb.
An I-beam level is like a box beam. It contains spirit level to help you get an accurate lead. These tools are good for small construction projects.
In construction, a laser level is a control project tool. It comprises a rotating laser beam projector you can attach to a tripod. This electronic device can project red and green beams along the vertical and horizontal axis.
They make measurement ropes, such as survey ropes, from durable blade materials, with different measurement units. It has a handle that makes it easy for you to use. They calibrated the blade materials in inches and meters.
A chalk line reel is a hand tool comprising a box with a string reel inside it. To impart straight lines, chalk powder is applied to a string coated with chalk powder, which is then reeled out and placed on various surfaces to impart straight lines.
A stud finder is an electronic device powered by a battery. This device senses changes in the wall density to help you locate framing studs behind walling surfaces.
A calculator is a tool used by building contractors and carpenters to estimate the cost of materials that they need on-site. A good construction calculator will help you calculate construction-related calculations with ease.
A wheelbarrow is a small hand-propelled open cart. It has a wheel you can use to transport material from one place to another on the site. The most common movement on the construction site is concrete and building materials.
Ladders are essential tools for construction workers and DIYers. They are height-boosting tools with steps and a stable base that allows you to reach your target.
A rolling cart is mobile storage equipment that you can use to hold bottles of glue, grease, or other essential materials for easy access. For added security, these carts come with a rolling wheel you can lock.
Toolbox and Tool Belts
This is an important tool every artisan must own. They design toolboxes with a handle for easy access and with divided compartments for storing various tools.
A tool belt is strong, sturdy, and thick. They design them to provide the support you need when carrying the tools in the toolbox.
A utility vise is a mechanical clamp. It has a tightening mechanism allows you to hold an object within its grasp. Once the vise holds the material in place, you can work on the object without worrying about moving around.
A workbench is a high table with flat surfaces used by contractors, DIYers, and plumbers. They place their tools and equipment on this table for more stability while doing their work.
A sawhorse is a metal or wooden structure with a flat surface and four legs. Carpenters use this structure to support boards and other cutting materials used for sawing.
Lockers are storage units. They design them to provide you with compartments to help you store your construction tools and other materials. You can secure them with padlocks to keep your items from those you do not want to have access to.
Folding chairs are for sitting. It is useful if you know there will be important downtime on site. Aside from this, you can use them with a workbench to avoid hunching and giving yourself back pain after working long.
Buckets have a wide variety of uses on the site. You can use it to carry fresh concrete, water, or other materials. Additionally, you can use them as a temporary storage unit for your screws, bolts, and nuts.
Lights are essential in the worksite to illuminate the environment during nighttime hours. Also, you can make use of them for indoor activities. This tool has long stands that allow you to tower it in the direction you need.
Construction Safety Clothing
Construction gloves are personal protective equipment you must wear to protect your hand, wrist, and fingers from injuries such as blisters, cuts, splinters, heat, and chemical burns.
Protective goggles or safety glasses are eyes wears that protect the eyes and their surrounding environs. They help you protect your eyes from chemicals and other substances that may hurt them.
A hard hat is an important P.P.E. You can use it to protect your head from injury because of impacts, falling objects, electric shock, rain, etc. You need this protective gear if you do electrical work or work in environments where objects may fall at height.
Hi-Vis Safety Vests
The Hi-Vis safety vest or reflective safety gear is a gear that provides a signal or warning to vehicles or individuals when working on the site during the day or at night. If you work in dangerous areas, you should wear this gear.
These boots have protective reinforcement at the toe. This protects your leg from compression or falling objects while working.
Full Face Shields
A face shield is a P.P.E. that helps to protect your entire face from hazards on the work site, such as debris, flying objects, chemicals, etc. We recommend you use these face shields with safety goggles.
Ear Plugs or Ear Muffs
Ear plugs and ear muffs work almost the same way. They fit against your head and enclose the entire perimeter of your ear to help prevent noise.
A respirator is designed specifically to help you filter the surrounding air. When used on the construction site, this device will protect you from inhaling harmful substances such as chemicals and infectious particles.
Below are other tools you may need for your construction process:
A carpenter pencil has a rectangular cross-section and is easy to hold than other types of pencils. You can use this pencil to mark out any material.
Voltage testers are devices designed to help you check the flow of electrical current in a battery, outlet, or circuit. This device features a neon bulb and two insulated wires connected to the base of the bulb housing.
A multimeter is a measuring instrument to measure electrical properties such as resistance, voltage, and current across a circuit.
Batteries are portable and rechargeable power cells that provide you with portable power for your construction tools.
An extension cord or power extender is a length of electrical cable with a plug and socket holes for extending electricity from one part to the other on-site.
Things To Consider Before Buying Construction Tools
Are you going to use it for D.I.Y. or professional construction work?
It is very important to ask yourself this question before buying any construction tool. The reason is that the tools used in construction have different functions and specifications.
Asides from this, investing in a tool that is not useful for your project is not cost-effective. Therefore, understand your type of project before purchasing your construction tools.
Do you need portable or stationary tools?
Another question is whether you will need a portable or mobile tool or a stationary tool in a fixed location. This will also depend on the type of project you are planning and executing.
Phases of Construction
#1: Concrete Pouring and Leveling
Depending on your project type, you can mix your concrete using a wheelbarrow for mini or DIY projects or a portable concrete mixer for big projects.