Table Saw Sizes: How to Choose the Best Size For You

8 ¼ Inches table saw

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If you are a craftsman or someone who frequently works on wood projects, a table saw is an imperative tool in your shop. If you’re looking into purchasing your first or third unit, one of the important things to get right is its size. 

In this guide, allow our pro woodworkers to acquaint you with the table saw sizes in the market today. 

What Sizes Do Table Saws Come in?

There are a variety of sizes available in the market today for table saws. Your budget, primary needs, and the work you intend to do should dictate the appropriate size for you and your projects. 

Table saws are typically used for sizing wood and as a ripping machine. They are useful for trimming long lumber, repetitive cuts, tenons, grooves, and moldings, among others. But if you don’t get the right size, you won’t be able to accommodate bigger projects.

operating table saw

If you consider yourself a professional, you will need the best-quality table saw. On the other hand, portable benchtops might be the best for you if you are a hobbyist with occasional projects. Smaller jobs will have smaller tabletop, and the opposite for bigger projects. 

Here are the size options you can find in the market today:

8 ¼ Inches

An 8 and ¼ inch table saw will limit you to be able to cut wood at approximately 2 and ⅕ inches of maximum depth at 90 degrees. In addition, it also allows you to cut wood at 1 and ¾ inches at 45 degrees. 

8 ¼ Inches table saw

10 Inches

A 10-inch table saw will allow you to cut wood with a maximum depth of approximately 3 and ½ inches at 90 degrees. Furthermore, it also allows you to cut wood at 2 and ¼ inches at 45 degrees. 

This saw targets small cabinet shops and most people who perform DIY projects. Most 10-inch saws run on a 110V power supply.

12 Inches

A 12-inch saw allows you to easily cut into laminated wood to approximately 2 inches thick. It is known to be more stable due to its weight and size. 

12 Inches table saw

This saw is used for industrial purposes. Most 12-inch saws run on 220 volts of power supply.

14 Inches

A table saw that measures 14 inches allows you to cut up to approximately 4 inches at a 90-degree angle. Once you change the angle to 45 degrees, you can cut at a depth of approximately 2 ¾ inches of wood. 

16 Inches

A 16-inch saw delivers smooth and fast cuts. It allows you to rip and crosscut lumber approximately 2 to 3 inches thick. It is generally intended for circular cutting. 

16 Inches table saw

As exemplified above, larger table saws have more table space for you to work on, while smaller table dimensions can be limiting. 

If your budget allows it, it is best to have a variety of saw blade diameters. Different blades are preferred for different types of cuts and different types of materials. This will provide you with the appropriate blade to cut depending on the thickness of the lumber. 

FAQ

What is the most common size of a table saw?

The most common size of table saw is 10 inches. The 8-inch table saw is also growing in popularity. The main difference between these two table sizes is how deep you can cut in a single pass. 

How deep can an 8-¼ table saw cut?

An 8-¼ table saw can cut wood at approximately 2 and ⅕ inches of maximum depth at 90 degrees [1]. Once you change the angle to 45 degrees, it is decreased to 1 and ¾ inches. 

How thick of wood can a 10-inch table saw cut?

A 10-inch table saw can cut a maximum depth of approximately 3 ½ inches at 90 degrees and 2 ¼ inches at 45 degrees. 

Conclusion

A table saw is an essential, versatile, and powerful machine that should be a part of every woodworker’s arsenal. It is fueled by electricity and oil. If you know the right table saw sizes available in the market, you can choose the one that best serves you and your project. 

Robert Johnson is a woodworker who takes joy in sharing his passion for creating to the rest of the world. His brainchild, Sawinery, allowed him to do so as well as connect with other craftsmen. He has since built an enviable workshop for himself and an equally impressive online accomplishment: an extensive resource site serving old timers and novices alike.
Robert Johnson
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