Table Saw Sizes: How to Choose the Best Size For You

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If you’re a woodworking enthusiast or a seasoned craftsperson, you already know the importance of having a reliable table saw in your workshop. Whether you’re considering your very first purchase or looking to add to your collection, choosing the right size is a critical decision.

In this guide, I’ll walk you through the various table saw sizes available in the market today, ensuring you make an informed choice for your woodworking needs.

What Sizes Do Table Saws Come in?

There are a variety of sizes available in the market today for table saws. Your budget, primary needs, and the work you intend to do should dictate the appropriate size for you and your projects. 

Table saws are typically used for sizing wood and as a ripping machine. They are useful for trimming long lumber, repetitive cuts, tenons, grooves, and moldings, among others. But if you don’t get the right size, you won’t be able to accommodate bigger projects.

operating table saw

If you consider yourself a professional, you will need the best-quality table saw. On the other hand, portable benchtops might be the best for you if you are a hobbyist with occasional projects. Smaller jobs will have smaller tabletop, and the opposite for bigger projects. 

Here are the size options you can find in the market today:

8 ¼ Inches

An 8 and ¼ inch table saw will limit you to be able to cut wood at approximately 2 and ⅕ inches of maximum depth at 90 degrees. In addition, it also allows you to cut wood at 1 and ¾ inches at 45 degrees. 

8 ¼ Inches table saw

10 Inches

A 10-inch table saw will allow you to cut wood with a maximum depth of approximately 3 and ½ inches at 90 degrees. Furthermore, it also allows you to cut wood at 2 and ¼ inches at 45 degrees. 

This saw targets small cabinet shops and most people who perform DIY projects. Most 10-inch saws run on a 110V power supply.

12 Inches

A 12-inch saw allows you to easily cut into laminated wood to approximately 2 inches thick. It is known to be more stable due to its weight and size. 

12 Inches table saw

This saw is used for industrial purposes. Most 12-inch saws run on 220 volts of power supply.

14 Inches

A table saw that measures 14 inches allows you to cut up to approximately 4 inches at a 90-degree angle. Once you change the angle to 45 degrees, you can cut at a depth of approximately 2 ¾ inches of wood. 

16 Inches

A 16-inch saw delivers smooth and fast cuts. It allows you to rip and crosscut lumber approximately 2 to 3 inches thick. It is generally intended for circular cutting. 

16 Inches table saw

Larger table saws have more table space for you to work on. Smaller table dimensions can be limiting. 

If you’re looking to step up your woodworking game, having a range of saw blade sizes is a smart move. You see, each blade has its specialty – some are great for specific cuts, and others excel at handling different materials. 

By having a selection of blade sizes, you’ll always have the right tool for the job, no matter how thick the wood you’re working with. It’s a pro move to ensure your cuts are precise and efficient.


What is the most common size of a table saw?

The most common size of table saw is 10 inches. The 8-inch table saw is also growing in popularity. The main difference between these two table sizes is how deep you can cut in a single pass. 

How deep can an 8-¼ table saw cut?

An 8-¼ table saw can cut wood at approximately 2 and ⅕ inches of maximum depth at 90 degrees [1]. Once you change the angle to 45 degrees, it is decreased to 1 and ¾ inches. 

How thick of wood can a 10-inch table saw cut?

A 10-inch table saw can cut a maximum depth of approximately 3 ½ inches at 90 degrees and 2 ¼ inches at 45 degrees. 


A table saw is a must-have tool for woodworkers, offering versatility and robust cutting power. It’s powered by electricity and lubricated with oil. Understanding the different table saw sizes on the market empowers you to select the one that perfectly suits your needs and project requirements. 

Having the right table saw is a key step towards woodworking success. But don’t forget your safety; consider the best table saw with a safety stop feature

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Robert Johnson is a passionate furniture maker & carpenter, sought after for his knowledge on the craft.
You’ve probably seen his down-to-earth wisdom in USA Today, Bobvila, Family Handyman, and The Spruce, where he has shared commentary and guidance on various woodworking topics.

Robert is the brain behind Sawinery, where he aims to share tips, tricks, and a passion for all things carpentry.

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